2 edition of Self-financing of drugs in developing countries found in the catalog.
Self-financing of drugs in developing countries
by Centre for Development Studies, University of Antwerp in Antwerpen, Belgium
Written in English
|Statement||by Guy Carrin.|
|Series||Paper ;, 86/101, Paper (Universitaire Faculteiten St.-Ignatius. Centrum Derde Wereld) ;, no. 86/101.|
|LC Classifications||RA401.C45 C37 1986|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||iv, 76 p., 16 p. :|
|Number of Pages||76|
|LC Control Number||88116846|
It aims to create national negotiating consortia in developing countries which will become an independent self-financing global consortium, able to negotiate with publishers themselves. It aims to grow to cover about 75 countries in three years and will aim to provide low cost access to research materials identified by the consortia for North. I want to stress that it is beyond the scope of this book to discuss information poverty from an international perspective, or to draw comparisons between developing and developed countries. The macro-level focus on information poverty is discussed in relation to how public library services operate within broader strategies to facilitate access.
'Universities could mandate generic production for poor countries' drugs discovered in universities to ensure their accessibility in developing countries. to become self-financing, we will. Efficiency and equity are priorities in the social policies of both industrial and developing countries. This study examines how different value judgments lead to different concepts of efficiency.
A mental disorder, also called a mental illness or psychiatric disorder, is a behavioral or mental pattern that causes significant distress or impairment of personal functioning. Such features may be persistent, relapsing and remitting, or occur as a single episode. Many disorders have been described, with signs and symptoms that vary widely between specific : Genetic and environmental factors. Access to reliable and affordable energy is vital for sustainable development. In the off-grid areas of developing countries, decentralized energy solutions have received increasing attention due to their contributions to reducing poverty. However, most of the rural population in many developing countries still has little or no access to modern energy by: 7.
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The term "recovery of costs" is inappropriate; the problem is to achieve a balance between participation of the population and government resources for the health system. Health services are not completely self-financing in any developed country and it appears unrealistic to expect them to be self-financing in developing by: 1.
The purpose of this chapter is to review country experiences with promoting health through fiscal policies and to examine the usefulness and success of these policies.
The chapter considers both the role of fiscal policies in the production of health and the effect of these policies on the well-being of the economy—fiscal policy for health and healthy fiscal policy.
1 1The idea of healthy Cited by: 9. Developed countries spend on a per capita basis about times as much on health and 20 times as much on drugs as developing countries do. However, drugs constitute the ‘cutting edge’ of health service activities in the developing countries.
nature would be essentially self-financing, and could, indeed, increase government or health Cited by: recipient countries and should not be included in estimates of country health expenditure. For example, payments for technical support to countries, payments generally made to nationals of countries other than the recipient country, funds which are generally spent outside the recipient country, are included.
Carrin, G. Self-Financing of Drugs in Developing Countries. The Case of the Public Pharmacy in Fianga (Chad). Research Paper, Takemi Program in International Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, by: 2.
Drug trafficking and the financing of terrorism. 21 November - Although the link between terrorism and other related crimes, such as drug trafficking, is evident and has been recognized by the United Nations Security Council, a thorough understanding is needed in order to develop solid strategies to prevent and disrupt these crimes.
Inthere were 82 contraceptive social marketing programs operating in 62 developing countries. While financial self-sufficiency—or profitability—was never part of the original design of these programs, most managers of donor-supported development efforts are intrigued by the prospect of their own programs becoming self-financing.
Several parts of the book’s focus analyze trends in malnutrition in developing countries. Peter Uvin looks at global food trends, observing that overall, “the world produces enough food to feed its entire population on a basic diet, and has sufficient stocks to protect itself against disasters.
However, the. This chapter aims to help clarify some of the problems and issues raised by attempts to understand and alleviate the deprivation and fragility associated with the lives of so many people.
It explains what social security means and defines the term with respect to objectives for developing countries. The chapter determines why the State should be involved in social security and investigates Author: Robin Burgess.
AIDS and Population Control by STEVEN RANSOM. Clothed in the philanthropic cloak of 'poverty reduction programmes,' these loans are actually a self-financing form of self-poisoning, and are yet another example of the almost perfect circle 'we will lend you the money for you to buy very poisonous drugs that will eventually kill you.
The United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) is an operational arm of the United Nations, dedicated to implementing projects for the United Nations System, international financial institutions, governments and other partners around the organization's global headquarters is located on the UN City campus in Copenhagen, Denmark.
UNOPS implements more than $1 billion worth of Abbreviation: UNOPS. The paper examines the factors that influence the utilisation of health services by women in the rural and urban areas in Ghana. The systematic sampling procedure was used to draw the sample from.
iv Acknowledgements The World Economic and Social Survey is the annual flagship publication on major develop - ment issues prepared by the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat (UN/DESA). The Survey was prepared under the general supervision and direction of Rob Vos, former Director of the Development Policy and Analysis Division (DPAD) of UN/.
Innovation Policy: A Guide for Developing Countries Box A Brief History of Innovation Policy in OECD Countries In the first part of the 20th century, innovation policy as such did not truly exist. Self-financing and self-management of basic health services Article (PDF Available) in World health forum 11(4) February with 32 Reads How we measure 'reads'.
by discovering its own first-in-class drugs should have a very different portfolio allocation than a company that is trying to win by developing follow-on drugs in already established drug classes. In evaluating an R&D strategy, it is important to ask a few basic questions. First, have we beenFile Size: KB.
International Journal of Financial Studies (ISSN ) is an international, peer-reviewed, scholarly open access journal on financial market, instruments, policy, and management research published quarterly online by MDPI.
Open Access - free for readers, with article processing charges (APC) paid by authors or their institutions.; High Visibility: Indexed in the Emerging Sources Citation. Two major studies published in The Lancet reveal the health financing crisis facing developing countries as a result of low domestic investment and.
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text.
Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to analyze a market for microfinance in a region of a developing nation in which all projects are either of high or low quality. There is adverse selection because only borrowers know whether their project is of high or low quality but the microfinance institutions (MFIs) do not.
The MFIs are competitive, risk neutral, and they offer loan contracts Cited by: 9. The Challenges of Self-Financing i n Local Authorities. User fees are an important source of municipal revenues in developing countries.
those in most Anglophone Africa countries. The Developing Countries Partnership Program on Scholarship or Beasiswa KNB (Kemitraan Negara Berkembang) is offered for the Master Degree Program at one of 12 prominent Universities in Indonesia for 3 years period.
The program has been offered, sinceto the Master Degree candidates from the developing countries all around the world. Pharmaceutical promotion is widespread and can impact prescribing by health professionals.
Little research has been conducted on interactions between medical students and the pharmaceutical industry. Teaching about pharmaceutical promotion is inadequate. A survey showed that many schools spend only about two hours teaching this important topic while others spend around six Cited by: 5.